Dubbed the father of modern philosophy, René Descartes (1596–1650), like Aquinas, built a philosophy upon a foundation of superstitious imaginings from the Bronze Age. He arrived at conclusions that neatly gibed with Christian theology in a time when it would have been most unwise not to.
After the primary error of denying a God, he writes, there is nothing worse
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that leads weak minds further from the straight path of virtue than that of imagining that the souls of the beasts are of the same nature as ours, and hence that after this present life we have nothing to fear or to hope for, any more than flies or ants.
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